3: BLOOD SUGAR – The Hormones And Organs Involved In Blood Sugar Regulation

Welcome to The Nutritional Pearls Podcast! Focusing on topics that include digestion, adrenal fatigue, leaky gut, supplementation, electrolytes, stomach acid, and so much more, “The Nutritional Pearls Podcast” features Christine Moore, NTP and is hosted by Jimmy Moore, host of the longest running nutritional podcast on the Internet.  Sharing nuggets of wisdom from Christine’s training as a Nutritional Therapy Practitioner and Jimmy’s years of podcasting and authoring international bestselling health and nutrition books, they will feature a new topic of interest and fascination in the world of nutritional health each Monday. Listen in today as Christine and Jimmy dig deep into blood sugar regulation in Episode 3.

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Here’s what Christine and Jimmy talked about in Episode 3:

Normal Blood Sugar Regulation

1. Hormones involved in blood sugar regulation
A. Insulin
1. Secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas
2. stores glucose in cells
3. brings glucose to the liver so the liver can convert it to glycogen (glycogenesis)
B. Glucagon
1. produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas
2. helps maintain blood sugar levels between meals
3. creates “sugar” by glycogenolysis (breakdown of glycogen into glucose in the liver) and
gluconeogenesis
C. Cortisol
1. Adrenal hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex
2. released by the adrenal glands when blood sugar gets too low because glucagon is not
sufficient
3. mobilizes proteins to be converted to glucose
4. replenishes glycogen storage (glycogenesis)
5. Stimulates the breakdown of triglycerides and the release of fatty acids from adipose tissue
(lipolysis)
D. Epinephrine
1. Stimulates the liver to create glucose from proteins and some fats
2. Stimulates the liver to convert glycogen back to glucose to be released into the bloodstream
3. Increases heart rate and blood pressure
2. Three main organs in blood sugar regulation
A. Pancreas
1. Beta Cells release insulin when there is a need for glucose storage
2. Alpha Cells release glucagon when there is a need to make glucose
a. signals the liver to turn glycogen into glucose (glycogenolysis)
b. signals the liver to break down proteins into glucose (gluconeogenesis)
3. Delta Cells secrete the hormone somatostatin which inhibits gastric secretion
B. Liver
1. Creates ketones from fatty acids
2. Receives signals from the pancreas (insulin or Glucagon) to store or create glucose
3. Creates glucose from proteins and some fats
C. Adrenal Glands
1. Releases cortisol which mobilizes proteins to help glucose (gluconeogenesis); kicks in when
glucagon is not enough
2. Releases epinephrine which helps in emergency situations by increasing heart rate, blood flow
to the heart, muscles, and liver, dilates airways and determines our response to stress

Nutritional Pearl in Episode 3:
It’s important to keep blood sugar levels in normal ranges so the adrenal glands don’t get worn out

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– JIMMY’S KETO LIVING SUPPLEMENT LINE: Try the KetoEssentials Multivitamin and Berberine Plus ketogenic-enhancing supplements

 

2: DIGESTION – How It Works, Role Of Stomach Acid, And Food Breakdown

Welcome to The Nutritional Pearls Podcast! Focusing on topics that include digestion, adrenal fatigue, leaky gut, supplementation, electrolytes, stomach acid, and so much more, “The Nutritional Pearls Podcast” features Christine Moore, NTP and is hosted by Jimmy Moore, host of the longest running nutritional podcast on the Internet.  Sharing nuggets of wisdom from Christine’s training as a Nutritional Therapy Practitioner and Jimmy’s years of podcasting and authoring international bestselling health and nutrition books, they will feature a new topic of interest and fascination in the world of nutritional health each Monday. Listen in today as Christine and Jimmy get to the bottom of gut health in Episode 2.

Subscribe via: Apple Podcasts | Google Play | RSS | Android

Here’s what Christine and Jimmy talked about in Episode 2:

How Digestion Works

Definition of Digestion:  Digestion is the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food.  The goal of digestion is to break down food to molecules small enough that the nutrients can be absorbed and used by the body.

Proper digestion is absolutely necessary if you are going to be healthy.  Every part of our body depends on our digestive system to work correctly in order to absorb the nutrients it needs to function at it’s best.

Brain:  Digestion starts in the brain-parasympathetic state.  Sights and smells trigger salivary glands to release salivary amylase.

Mouth:  Chewing breaks down the food and salivary amylase starts breaking down and moistening the food so it’s easier to swallow.   The digestion of carbohydrates starts in the mouth.  When you swallow, the food that is broken down enters the esophagus as Bolus.

Stomach:  The stomach continues with the digestion and breakdown of food using gastric juices (Mucous, Pepsinogen/Pepsin and Hydrochloric Acid –HCl-).  The main digestion of proteins starts in the stomach.  Normal stomach pH is 1.5-3.

Some of the functions of stomach acid:

  1. Bathes the stomach
  2. Disinfects the stomach and kills bacteria and parasites that might be harmful
  3. Acid activates the pepsin so proteins can be digested

Duodenum/Small Intestine:  The food that is broken down in the stomach then enters the duodenum (the upper part of the small intestine) is called Chyme.  Proper pH of this chyme causes the duodenum to release secretin which triggers the pancreas to release pancreatic juices and cholecystokinin which triggers the gall bladder to release bile.  The bile is what helps us digest the fats we eat.  When the chyme leaves the duodenum, the food we have eaten is almost totally digested.

  1. The small intestine is where the nutrients get absorbed into the bloodstream
  2. Carbohydrates get broken down into glucose molecules
  3. Proteins get broken down into amino acids and polypeptides
  4. Fats get broken down into fatty acids and glycerol (alcohol) molecules

The Large Intestine:  The chyme that is not digested passes into the large intestine through a valve called the ileocecal valve.  In the large intestine, water is recycled, recycles the waste materials which nourishes the colon, the large intestine captures any nutrients that are lost which helps feed the gut flora and these nutrients get converted to Vitamins K, B1, B2, B12 and butyric acid (good for gut health), and the leftovers get formed in waste (fecal matter) which is expelled out of the body.

Proper digestive function is crucial for the body to be healthy

– Episode 2 NuTritional Pearls 

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JIMMY’S KETO LIVING SUPPLEMENT LINE

LINKS MENTIONED IN EPISODE 2

– SUPPORT OUR SPONSOR: Complete nutriton for nutritional ketosis (COUPON CODE LLVLC FOR 10% OFF YOUR FIRST ORDER)
– SUPPORT OUR SPONSOR: Life Insurance For Your Keto Lifestyle (Use promo code LOW-CARB)
– SUPPORT OUR SPONSOR: Become A Nutritional Therapy Practitioner
– SUPPORT OUR SPONSOR: The world’s freshest and most flavorful artisanal olive oils. Get your $39 bottle for just $1
– JIMMY’S KETO LIVING SUPPLEMENT LINE: Try the KetoEssentials Multivitamin and Berberine Plus ketogenic-enhancing supplements

1: NUTRITION BASICS – Macronutrients, Micronutrients, And The History Of The Modern Diet

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Welcome to the inaugural episode of The Nutritional Pearls Podcast! Focusing on topics that include digestion, adrenal fatigue, leaky gut, supplementation, electrolytes, stomach acid, and so much more, “The Nutritional Pearls Podcast” features Christine Moore, NTP and is hosted by Jimmy Moore, host of the longest running nutritional podcast on the Internet.  Sharing nuggets of wisdom from Christine’s training as a Nutritional Therapy Practitioner and Jimmy’s years of podcasting and authoring international bestselling health and nutrition books, they will feature a new topic of interest and fascination in the world of nutritional health each Monday. Listen in today as Christine and Jimmy kick off this exciting new show in Episode 1.

Here’s what Christine and Jimmy talked about in Episode 1:

Nutrition Basics
1. Definition of nutrition and nutrients
2. Nutrient Classes—3 main groups
3. Water-the most important nutrient in the body
4. Macronutrients (carbohydrates, fats, proteins)
5. Micronutrients (vitamins and minerals)
6. How we got to the modern diet
7. Dr. Francis Pottenger  and Dr. Weston A. Price 

Nutritional Pearls in Episode 1:
1. Water is the most important nutrient in the body
2. Don’t neglect the lessons of Dr. Price and Dr. Pottenger
3. Eat real food

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LINKS MENTIONED IN EPISODE 1
– SUPPORT OUR SPONSOR: Become A Nutritional Therapy Practitioner
– SUPPORT OUR SPONSOR: The world’s freshest and most flavorful artisanal olive oils. Get your $39 bottle for just $1
– SUPPORT OUR SPONSOR: Get all the nutritious vegetables you need with Dr. Cowan’s Garden (“JIMMY” at checkout to get 20% off your first order!)
– JIMMY’S KETO LIVING SUPPLEMENT LINE: Try the KetoEssentials Multivitamin and Berberine Plus ketogenic-enhancing supplements